Brain Drain refers the situation when highly qualified and trained people leave a country to permanently settle in some other country. It is also referred to as Human capital flight.
Highly educated professional people immigrate to other advanced countries for better opportunities and a comfortable life style.
The problem of Brain-drain, in our age, has become very elusive. The developing countries like India are desperately in need of talents, especially in the field of science and technology but for one reason or the other the talents and fleeing their countries, leaving their native lands impoverished in the process.
Brain Drain is an extremely serious problem for a developing countries. The destiny of such countries lies in the solution to this great problem. India can be taken as an instance in point. After independence this country is engaged in difficult struggle against poverty. But struggles cannot be launched in papers; they require armies of trained personnel – the scientists, technical knowhow and specialists in the field of planned development. If, instead of contributing to the prosperity of India, the Indian scientists, research scholars, engineers, doctors and economists immigrate to other countries, it is difficult to see how India can implement her development plans and attain her goal of prosperity.
In the under-developed countries like India, the ambitious and highly educated people found it very difficult to climb the peak, for the obstacles were many and the bureaucratic bungling was irritating. Hence, the alarming exodus started in the fifties and in the seventies the brain-drain appeared to be complete. Hundred of talents emigrated to the U.S.A. and Europe which assured them of great opportunities for getting to the top, of secure and comfortable living, of satisfaction and of glory in their respective fields. If the emigrants could have all those assurances they would not think of fleeing their country.
But the problem is that a developing country like India could hardly afford to accommodate so many ambitious people, nor could the scope be made broad enough to secure affluence for all.
Advantages of Brain drain:
- It allows excess number of highly skilled people to find well paying job opportunities outside their native country. That way other skilled people of the native country will find opportunities in their own nation. This is particularly true in India. About a couple of decades before, there were a lot of highly educated but jobless people. With some of them having gone outside of India for work, the locals are able to get that work. This way, it helps reduce the percentage of jobless people in India.
- The income from the emigrated people comes back to the native country as overseas remittances. India is recipient of the highest amount of foreign currency coming in as remittances from NRIs.
- It helps improve the education and infrastructure in the native country, which in turn develops country further, because the native country realizes the value of well educated people. In India, it helped spur the growth of software education.
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