AirForce X/Y GD Topic on Democracy in India
India is the largest democratic country in the world. Democracy is defined as a government of the people, by the people and for the people.
In democracy the people are the ultimate source of power and its success and failure depend on their wisdom, consciousness and vigilance.
It is not possible for all the people in a big country like India to participate in the government. This is why they are required to exercise their franchise and elect their representatives at regular intervals. These representatives from the parliament legislate and form responsible government.
Such governments can be either unitary or federal. In India we have the federal form having both a government at the center responsible to the parliament and governments in the states elected and equally responsible to their legislative assemblies. But the people who participate in the election of their representatives must be educated enough to see what is good for them and who will be the right people to represent them.
India became free only in 1947 after many years of colonial rule. In the following years India had her constitution that declared India as a democratic federal republic. The first democratic election on the basis of universal adult franchise was held in 1952. Even to-day, after so many years, the people in India are not very much different, for many of them are illiterates. A large number of people are still below poverty level. In spite of efforts taken by the government, the Indian democracy could not the desired changes and to attain the goal of food for all, shelter for all, basic necessities for all and education for all.
There are certain conditions that are necessary for the success of Democracy in India. Those are:
• Empowerment of the poor and illiterates to enjoy and protect democracy;
• Willingness among the elected representatives to sincerely perform their duties and not to take advantage of the ignorance and poverty of the voters;
• Willingness among intelligent, educated, and efficient people to assume the leadership role;
• Willingness among the elected people not to misuse their powerful position and public wealth;
• Eradication of social evils and dangers from which democracy suffers
• Fair, impartial, and efficient press to form public opinion
• Presence of strong public opinion
• Feeling of tolerance and communal harmony among the people
• Awareness among the people of the fundamental rights that they are entitled to enjoy
• Conscious check and vigilance on the working of the elected representatives
• Powerful, and responsible opposition. Every form of government, whether democratic or dictatorship, has both advantages and disadvantages. Indian democracy, without doubt, is very effective and proved to be very successful. It has successfully ensured individual freedom. It is true that, in spite of various efforts, democracy has failed to
GD Topic on Democracy in India
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