Group Discussion on Peer Group
Peer groups are a type of social group that is made up of people who share similar interests, social status, and are in the same age group. This means that a 4-year-old would not be in a peer group with 12-year-olds. Similarly, college professors would not be in the same peer group as their students.
School and College Life in a person’s life, education plays a vital role in shaping a person to harness his full potential. Students always get compared to one another based on their academic performances. The intention of the teacher in doing so, would be to encourage others to strive harder and reach higher heights.
If we are surrounded by peer pressure from the school to work, then we would also end up applying the same thing in our life. We usually try to take
Positive (advantages) attributes of peer groups
Serve as a source of information
Members inside peer groups also learn to develop relationships with others in the social system. Peers, particularly group members, become important social referents for teaching other members customs, social norms, and different ideologies.
Teach gender roles
Peer groups can also serve as a venue for teaching members gender roles. Through gender-role socialization, group members learn about sex differences, and social and cultural expectations Peer groups can consist of all males, all females, or both males and females. Studies show that the majority of peer groups are unisex.
Serve as a practicing venue to adulthood
Major changes include: decreasing dependence on parents, increasing feelings of self-sufficiency, and connecting with a much larger social network. Adolescents are expanding their perspective beyond the family and learning how to negotiate relationships with others in different parts of the social system
Teach unity & collective behaviour in life
Peer groups’ cohesion is determined and maintained by such factors as group communication, group consensus, and group conformity concerning attitude and
Peer groups (friend’s group) can help individuals form their own identity. Identity formation is a developmental process where a person acquires a sense of self. One of the major factors that influence the formation of a person’s identity is his or her peers.
Negative attributes (disadvantages) of peer groups influence
The term peer pressure is often used to describe instances where an individual feels indirectly pressured into changing his/her behavior to match that of his/her peers. Taking up smoking and underage drinking are two of the best known examples. In spite of the often negative connotations of the term, peer pressure can be used positively, for example, to encourage other peers to study, or not to engage in activities such as the ones discussed above. Although peer pressure is not isolated to one age group, it is usually most common during the adolescent stage.
Success of peer relationships is linked to later psychological development and to academic achievement. Therefore, if one does not have successful peer relationships it may lead to developmental delays and poor academic achievement
Several studies have shown that peer groups are powerful agents of risk behaviors in adolescence. Adolescents typically replace family with peers regarding social and leisure activities, and many problematic behaviors occur in the context of these groups.
Adolescence is also characterized by physical changes, new emotions, and sexual urges, and teenagers are likely to participate in sexual activity. Many teens claimed that the reasons for having sex at a young age include peer pressure or pressure from their partner. The effects of sexual activity at a young age are of great concern. Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases are only a few of the consequences that can occur.
Group Discussion on Peer Group
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