Military Exercises of India

Military Exercises of India is one of the definite & most important topics that is frequently asked in the General Awareness section of NDA CDS, AFCAT, Airmen Group X & Y, Indian Navy SSR, AA exams. All defence aspirants must also have an idea in their mind that why these Military Exercises of India are conducted before appearing for their SSB interview.  So here is a list of few reasons why Indian Military Exercises of India :

  • To check the preparedness of the forces.
  • To evaluate the performance of weapons and ammunition in a simulated war environment.
  • To test new strategies and doctrines
  • To check the reaction times, casualty management and logistics capability of the divisions involved.

Military Exercises of India 2021

A military exercise or war game is the technique of using military resources in training or performing drills of military operations, testing the quickness and real-time capabilities of warfare and adopting strategies without undergoing actual combat. The military exercise is a measure to test the performance of the armed forces without engaging in the battlefield.

Why is military exercise required?

  • Military exercise has become an imperative part of the armed forces all around the world. They serve many purposes like:
  • It trains soldiers in how to act, how to think, and how to work together in times of conflict.
  • The military exercise is a method to showcase the power and might to other countries of the world.
  • It also improves the coordination as well as cooperation among friendly militaries of the world.
  • It provides an opportunity to test the precision of weapons and devices.
  • Training for Natural Disasters and Humanitarian Relief.

Military Exercises are classified into the following types:

  1. Bilateral Exercise
  2. Multilateral Exercise
  3. Domestic Exercise

Military Exercises of India in 2020-2021

IAF Exercises of India
S.No.Partner NationExercise NameRemarks
1The United Arab Emirates, United States of America, France, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and BahrainEx Desert Flag-VI It was conducted at Al-Dhafra airbase, UAE.
2India and United States-2021Yudh AbhayasSuratgarh, Rajasthan
3Naval Exercise between India, US, Japan and AustraliaMalabar ExerciseseIt was conducted in the Bay of Bengal and Northern Arabian sea
4Indian Army & Bangladesh ArmySampriti IXConducted in Umroi, Meghalaya
5Indian Air Force and Royal Air Force of the United KingdomExercise Indradhanush – VThe 5th edition of India-UK joint Air Force Exercise ‘Indradhanush’ began at Air Force Station, Hindan (Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh) on February 24, 2020.
6India and the United KingdomAjeya Warrior-2020
 7IndSpaceExIndia’s first-ever simulated space warfare exercise. It was held last week of July 2019
840 countriesMILAN 2020
9Indian Air force and Royal Air force of OmanExercise Eastern Bridge

Military Exercises of India (Bilateral Exercises) :

Joint Military Exercises
Military Exercises of India

Bilateral Exercise is the exercise that is conducted between two countries. Below is a table that shows the list of bilateral exercise:

Indian Army:

S. No.Partner NationExercise nameRemarks
1.ChinaEx Hand in HandThe annual joint training exercise, 7th edition held in Oct 2018, it was suspended in 2017 because of Doklam Plateau standoff.
2.NepalEx Surya KiranConducted biannually (every six months), alternatively in India and Nepal.
3.BangladeshEx SampritiIt is aimed to strengthen and broaden the aspects of interoperability and cooperation between the Indian and Bangladesh Armies.
4.Sri LankaEx Mitra ShaktiIts inception was in 2012 in response to China’s efforts to strengthen its influence in the Indian Ocean region & Southeast Asia.
5.USAEx Yudh AbhyasAnnual combat exercise started in 2004, 14th edition held in Uttarakhand in 2018.
6.Ex Vajra PraharConducted between Special Forces of both countries to deal with operations for counter-terrorism.
7.MyanmarIMBAX-2017It is aimed at strengthening closer relations with armies of the neighboring countries.
8.MalaysiaEx HARIMAU SHAKTIIt is a 1st bilateral military training exercise between India and Malaysia in May 2018.
9.IndonesiaEx Garuda ShaktiAnnual military exercise, started in 2012, 6th edition held in 2018 in Bandung, Indonesia.
10.VietnamVINBAX-2018First military exercise between the two countries, to carry out training for Peacekeeping Operations under United Nations (UN) mandate.
11.MaldivesEx EkuverinAnnual bilateral military exercise started in 2009. Hosted alternatively in India and the Maldives.
12.RussiaEx INDRATransformed into tri-services Military Exercise in 2017. The 10th edition conducted in 2018 at Babina Military Station, Jhansi.
14.OmanAL NAGAHIt is a joint military exercise first conducted in 2015. It is aimed at interoperability & weapons.
15.JapanDHARMA GUARDIANFirst joint military exercise between India and Japan, conducted in 2018 in Mizoram.
16.ThailandEX MAITREEIt was targeted at evolving drills &  procedures involved in counter-terrorist operations.
17.UKEx AJEYA WARRIORThe biennial military exercise started in 2013.
18.KazakhstanEx PRABAL DOSTYK2016-first edition, 2017-second edition.
19.MongoliaEx NOMADIC ELEPHANTAnnual bilateral military exercise started in 2006. Designed to strengthen the partnership between the armies of India & Mongolia
21.SeychellesEx LAMITIYEThe 8th edition of this biennial military exercise conducted in May 2018 at Mahe island in Seychelles Archipelago.
23.SingaporeEx BOLD KURUKSHETRAA bilateral armor exercise conducted at the BABINA Field Firing Range (BFFR) in Central India between the Singapore Army and the Indian Army (IA).
24.KyrgyzstanEx KHANJARIt is an exercise between Special Forces of India and Kyrgyzstan.

Indian Navy:

S. No.Partner NationExercise nameRemarks
1.Sri LankaSLINEXSLINEX exercise started in 2005 was previously held biennially; from 2018 onwards it has been converted into the annual event.
3.RussiaINDRA NAVYStarted in 2003, 4th edition took place in 2018 in the Bay of Bengal.
4.UKKONKANStarted in 2004, to build interoperability and share best practices.
5.FranceVARUNAIt started in 1983 between the navies of India & France. These exercises was later named as Varuna in 2001.
6.OmanNASEEM-AL-BAHRBiennial bilateral exercise between the two navies, started in 1993. Literally means “sea breeze”
7.VietnamSahyog HOP TACFirst India Vietnam Coast Guard Exercise, held in 2018 in the Bay of Bengal.
9.IndonesiaIND-INDO CORPATIndia-Indonesia coordinated patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT), bi-annual exercise, started in 2002, 32nd edition held at Belawan, Indonesia in Oct, 2018.
10.SingaporeSIMBEXIt is an annual exercise between the Navies of  Singapore & India since 1994. It stands for Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise (SIMBEX).
11.MyanmarIMCORIndo-Myanmar Coordinated Patrol (IMCOR), held annually since 2013.

Indian Air Force:

Sr. No.Partner NationExercise nameRemarks
1.FranceEx GARUDAThis is an important aspect of the Indo-French bilateral military cooperation, which is a cornerstone of the strategic partnership between France and India, established in 1998.
2.OmanEx EASTERN BRIDGEConducted between the IAF and RAFO (Royal Air Force of Oman)
3.RussiaEx AVIAINDRA-18Started in 2014, conducted biannually. The exercise is targetted towards anti-terrorist operations.
5.ThailandSIAM BHARATHumanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) exercise.
6.UAEEx DESERT EAGLEA bilateral air combat exercise provides exposure towards mission planning and execution in a simulated high threat combat environment.
7.UKEx INDRADHANUSHTo enhance to mutual operational understanding between IAF and Royal Air Force. Four editions so far viz. 2006, 2007, 2010, and 2015.
8.USAEx RED FLAGIt is 2-week aerial combat exercise organized by the Indian Air Force. It offers air combat training to military pilots from the USA and its allies

Multilateral Exercises:

They are those exercise which consists of more than one military partners.

Sr. No.Exercise NameRemarks
1.RIMPACIt is the world’s largest maritime exercise. It was first conducted in 1971 and is held biannually near Honolulu, Hawaii (USA).The Exercise is overlooked by the US Navy’s Pacific fleet. The recent 2018 edition saw 26 countries participating which included India.
2.MALABARAn annual trilateral naval exercise involving the United States, Japan, and India as permanent partners. It originally began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the US. Later in 2015, Japan became a permanent partner
3.MILEX-18First joint military exercise between BIMSTEC countries, conducted in Pune, Maharashtra. All member BIMSTEC countries, except Thailand and Nepal, took an active part in this exercise. The main aim is to promote practices in areas of counter-terrorism.
4.PEACE MISSIONA Counter Terror Military Exercise, held in Russia in September 2018, under the framework of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). For the first time, arch-rivals India and Pakistan took part in it.
5.Samvedna-2018The first multilateral Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise of Indian Air Force (IAF) in association with South Asian Region nations, was held off the coast of Kerala.
6.Ex COBRA GOLDIt is the largest Asia-Pacific military exercise held in Thailand every year.
7.KAKADUStarted in 1993, it is a multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy. It derives its name from the Kakadu National Park.
8.ARF DiR ExIt stands for ASEAN Regional Forum Disaster Relief Exercise (ARF DiR Ex). It is aimed at organizing a large-scale disaster relief exercise. It was 1st  held in 2009, & takes place biannually. It is co-hosted by one ASEAN member states and one non-ASEAN ARF member.
9.Ex KOMODOA biennial multilateral Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise, conducted for the first time by the Indonesian Navy in April 2014 at Batam, Indonesia.

Domestic Exercise:

They are aimed at improving the internal engagements amongst various departments. They can be inter-services or intra-service depending on its nature and its application.

Sr. NO.EXERCISEREMARKS
1.GANDIV VIJAYConducted by the Chetak corps of South Western Command of Indian Army in Mahajan field firing ranges of Rajasthan in May 2018. It was based on offensive operations through joint air-land battle in a network-centric environment employing modern technology.
2.VIJAY PRAHARConducted by the South Western Command of Indian Army. The month-long exercise was aimed to orchestrate a wide spectrum of threats which are planned to be tackled through high tempo joint air and land operation.
3.PASCHIM LEHAR-18Tri-service maritime exercise, conducted by Indian Navy off western coast in the Arabian Sea. The exercise is aimed at improving the interoperability between the Indian Navy, Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and Coast Guard.
4.Vayu Shakti 2019It is an Air Force Exercise conducted once in every 3 years. It was previously held in 2016 codenamed ‘Iron Fist’. It is a firepower demonstration exercise held at Pokhran, Rajasthan.

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