Military Exercises of India is one of the definite & most important topics that is frequently asked in the General Awareness section of NDA CDS, AFCAT, Airmen Group X & Y, Indian Navy SSR, AA exams. All defence aspirants must also have an idea in their mind that why these Military Exercises of India are conducted before appearing for their SSB interview. So here is a list of few reasons why Indian Military Exercises of India :
- To check the preparedness of the forces.
- To evaluate the performance of weapons and ammunition in a simulated war environment.
- To test new strategies and doctrines
- To check the reaction times, casualty management and logistics capability of the divisions involved.
Military Exercises of India 2021
A military exercise or war game is the technique of using military resources in training or performing drills of military operations, testing the quickness and real-time capabilities of warfare and adopting strategies without undergoing actual combat. The military exercise is a measure to test the performance of the armed forces without engaging in the battlefield.
Why is military exercise required?
- Military exercise has become an imperative part of the armed forces all around the world. They serve many purposes like:
- It trains soldiers in how to act, how to think, and how to work together in times of conflict.
- The military exercise is a method to showcase the power and might to other countries of the world.
- It also improves the coordination as well as cooperation among friendly militaries of the world.
- It provides an opportunity to test the precision of weapons and devices.
- Training for Natural Disasters and Humanitarian Relief.
Military Exercises are classified into the following types:
- Bilateral Exercise
- Multilateral Exercise
- Domestic Exercise
Military Exercises of India in 2020-2021
|S.No.||Partner Nation||Exercise Name||Remarks|
|1||The United Arab Emirates, United States of America, France, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and Bahrain||Ex Desert Flag-VI||It was conducted at Al-Dhafra airbase, UAE.|
|2||India and United States-2021||Yudh Abhayas||Suratgarh, Rajasthan|
|3||Naval Exercise between India, US, Japan and Australia||Malabar Exercisese||It was conducted in the Bay of Bengal and Northern Arabian sea|
|4||Indian Army & Bangladesh Army||Sampriti IX||Conducted in Umroi, Meghalaya|
|5||Indian Air Force and Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom||Exercise Indradhanush – V||The 5th edition of India-UK joint Air Force Exercise ‘Indradhanush’ began at Air Force Station, Hindan (Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh) on February 24, 2020.|
|6||India and the United Kingdom||Ajeya Warrior-2020||—|
|7||—||IndSpaceEx||India’s first-ever simulated space warfare exercise. It was held last week of July 2019|
|8||40 countries||MILAN 2020||—|
|9||Indian Air force and Royal Air force of Oman||Exercise Eastern Bridge||—|
Military Exercises of India (Bilateral Exercises) :
Bilateral Exercise is the exercise that is conducted between two countries. Below is a table that shows the list of bilateral exercise:
|S. No.||Partner Nation||Exercise name||Remarks|
|1.||China||Ex Hand in Hand||The annual joint training exercise, 7th edition held in Oct 2018, it was suspended in 2017 because of Doklam Plateau standoff.|
|2.||Nepal||Ex Surya Kiran||Conducted biannually (every six months), alternatively in India and Nepal.|
|3.||Bangladesh||Ex Sampriti||It is aimed to strengthen and broaden the aspects of interoperability and cooperation between the Indian and Bangladesh Armies.|
|4.||Sri Lanka||Ex Mitra Shakti||Its inception was in 2012 in response to China’s efforts to strengthen its influence in the Indian Ocean region & Southeast Asia.|
|5.||USA||Ex Yudh Abhyas||Annual combat exercise started in 2004, 14th edition held in Uttarakhand in 2018.|
|6.||Ex Vajra Prahar||Conducted between Special Forces of both countries to deal with operations for counter-terrorism.|
|7.||Myanmar||IMBAX-2017||It is aimed at strengthening closer relations with armies of the neighboring countries.|
|8.||Malaysia||Ex HARIMAU SHAKTI||It is a 1st bilateral military training exercise between India and Malaysia in May 2018.|
|9.||Indonesia||Ex Garuda Shakti||Annual military exercise, started in 2012, 6th edition held in 2018 in Bandung, Indonesia.|
|10.||Vietnam||VINBAX-2018||First military exercise between the two countries, to carry out training for Peacekeeping Operations under United Nations (UN) mandate.|
|11.||Maldives||Ex Ekuverin||Annual bilateral military exercise started in 2009. Hosted alternatively in India and the Maldives.|
|12.||Russia||Ex INDRA||Transformed into tri-services Military Exercise in 2017. The 10th edition conducted in 2018 at Babina Military Station, Jhansi.|
|14.||Oman||AL NAGAH||It is a joint military exercise first conducted in 2015. It is aimed at interoperability & weapons.|
|15.||Japan||DHARMA GUARDIAN||First joint military exercise between India and Japan, conducted in 2018 in Mizoram.|
|16.||Thailand||EX MAITREE||It was targeted at evolving drills & procedures involved in counter-terrorist operations.|
|17.||UK||Ex AJEYA WARRIOR||The biennial military exercise started in 2013.|
|18.||Kazakhstan||Ex PRABAL DOSTYK||2016-first edition, 2017-second edition.|
|19.||Mongolia||Ex NOMADIC ELEPHANT||Annual bilateral military exercise started in 2006. Designed to strengthen the partnership between the armies of India & Mongolia|
|21.||Seychelles||Ex LAMITIYE||The 8th edition of this biennial military exercise conducted in May 2018 at Mahe island in Seychelles Archipelago.|
|23.||Singapore||Ex BOLD KURUKSHETRA||A bilateral armor exercise conducted at the BABINA Field Firing Range (BFFR) in Central India between the Singapore Army and the Indian Army (IA).|
|24.||Kyrgyzstan||Ex KHANJAR||It is an exercise between Special Forces of India and Kyrgyzstan.|
|S. No.||Partner Nation||Exercise name||Remarks|
|1.||Sri Lanka||SLINEX||SLINEX exercise started in 2005 was previously held biennially; from 2018 onwards it has been converted into the annual event.|
|3.||Russia||INDRA NAVY||Started in 2003, 4th edition took place in 2018 in the Bay of Bengal.|
|4.||UK||KONKAN||Started in 2004, to build interoperability and share best practices.|
|5.||France||VARUNA||It started in 1983 between the navies of India & France. These exercises was later named as Varuna in 2001.|
|6.||Oman||NASEEM-AL-BAHR||Biennial bilateral exercise between the two navies, started in 1993. Literally means “sea breeze”|
|7.||Vietnam||Sahyog HOP TAC||First India Vietnam Coast Guard Exercise, held in 2018 in the Bay of Bengal.|
|9.||Indonesia||IND-INDO CORPAT||India-Indonesia coordinated patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT), bi-annual exercise, started in 2002, 32nd edition held at Belawan, Indonesia in Oct, 2018.|
|10.||Singapore||SIMBEX||It is an annual exercise between the Navies of Singapore & India since 1994. It stands for Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise (SIMBEX).|
|11.||Myanmar||IMCOR||Indo-Myanmar Coordinated Patrol (IMCOR), held annually since 2013.|
|Sr. No.||Partner Nation||Exercise name||Remarks|
|1.||France||Ex GARUDA||This is an important aspect of the Indo-French bilateral military cooperation, which is a cornerstone of the strategic partnership between France and India, established in 1998.|
|2.||Oman||Ex EASTERN BRIDGE||Conducted between the IAF and RAFO (Royal Air Force of Oman)|
|3.||Russia||Ex AVIAINDRA-18||Started in 2014, conducted biannually. The exercise is targetted towards anti-terrorist operations.|
|5.||Thailand||SIAM BHARAT||Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) exercise.|
|6.||UAE||Ex DESERT EAGLE||A bilateral air combat exercise provides exposure towards mission planning and execution in a simulated high threat combat environment.|
|7.||UK||Ex INDRADHANUSH||To enhance to mutual operational understanding between IAF and Royal Air Force. Four editions so far viz. 2006, 2007, 2010, and 2015.|
|8.||USA||Ex RED FLAG||It is 2-week aerial combat exercise organized by the Indian Air Force. It offers air combat training to military pilots from the USA and its allies|
They are those exercise which consists of more than one military partners.
|Sr. No.||Exercise Name||Remarks|
|1.||RIMPAC||It is the world’s largest maritime exercise. It was first conducted in 1971 and is held biannually near Honolulu, Hawaii (USA).The Exercise is overlooked by the US Navy’s Pacific fleet. The recent 2018 edition saw 26 countries participating which included India.|
|2.||MALABAR||An annual trilateral naval exercise involving the United States, Japan, and India as permanent partners. It originally began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the US. Later in 2015, Japan became a permanent partner|
|3.||MILEX-18||First joint military exercise between BIMSTEC countries, conducted in Pune, Maharashtra. All member BIMSTEC countries, except Thailand and Nepal, took an active part in this exercise. The main aim is to promote practices in areas of counter-terrorism.|
|4.||PEACE MISSION||A Counter Terror Military Exercise, held in Russia in September 2018, under the framework of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). For the first time, arch-rivals India and Pakistan took part in it.|
|5.||Samvedna-2018||The first multilateral Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise of Indian Air Force (IAF) in association with South Asian Region nations, was held off the coast of Kerala.|
|6.||Ex COBRA GOLD||It is the largest Asia-Pacific military exercise held in Thailand every year.|
|7.||KAKADU||Started in 1993, it is a multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy. It derives its name from the Kakadu National Park.|
|8.||ARF DiR Ex||It stands for ASEAN Regional Forum Disaster Relief Exercise (ARF DiR Ex). It is aimed at organizing a large-scale disaster relief exercise. It was 1st held in 2009, & takes place biannually. It is co-hosted by one ASEAN member states and one non-ASEAN ARF member.|
|9.||Ex KOMODO||A biennial multilateral Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise, conducted for the first time by the Indonesian Navy in April 2014 at Batam, Indonesia.|
They are aimed at improving the internal engagements amongst various departments. They can be inter-services or intra-service depending on its nature and its application.
|1.||GANDIV VIJAY||Conducted by the Chetak corps of South Western Command of Indian Army in Mahajan field firing ranges of Rajasthan in May 2018. It was based on offensive operations through joint air-land battle in a network-centric environment employing modern technology.|
|2.||VIJAY PRAHAR||Conducted by the South Western Command of Indian Army. The month-long exercise was aimed to orchestrate a wide spectrum of threats which are planned to be tackled through high tempo joint air and land operation.|
|3.||PASCHIM LEHAR-18||Tri-service maritime exercise, conducted by Indian Navy off western coast in the Arabian Sea. The exercise is aimed at improving the interoperability between the Indian Navy, Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and Coast Guard.|
|4.||Vayu Shakti 2019||It is an Air Force Exercise conducted once in every 3 years. It was previously held in 2016 codenamed ‘Iron Fist’. It is a firepower demonstration exercise held at Pokhran, Rajasthan.|
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