National Science Day is celebrated every year on February 28 to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’. Government of India designated February 28 as National Science Day in 1986. On this day, Sir CV Raman announced the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930. On this occasion, theme-based science communication activities are carried out all over the country. Theme for the National Science Day 2020 is “Women in Science”.
Objective of National Science Day
The main objective of this day is to bring awareness to people about the importance of science in our daily life and to encourage people by popularizing the Science and Technology.
Theme for Science Day 2020 is “Women in Science”.
- In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to pronounce February 28 as NSD, for which the then Government accepted and declared the day as National Science Day.
- The basic objective of celebration of this Day is to propagate the message of importance of science and its application among the people.
- The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.
- National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC) of Department of Science & Technology (DST) is nodal agency to support catalyze and coordinate celebration of the National Science Day throughout the country, particularly in scientific institutions & research laboratories.
- DST instituted National Awards in 1987 to stimulate, encourage and recognize outstanding efforts in the area of science popularization and communication and in promoting scientific temper.
- Sir CV Raman, who received the highest civilian award from his home country, the Bharat Ratna, in 1954, began his experiments for studying the scattering of light; and thus came the Raman Spectroscopy for observing the vibrational, rotational and other low frequency modes in a system. This is commonly used in chemical laboratories and serves as the ‘fingerprint’ for the substance from which the light is scattered.
- According to the academy citation, the Nobel Prize in Physics 1930 was awarded to Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”.
Dr Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science and Technology and Smriti Irani, Minister for Textiles will also grace the occasion.
The occasion will include a lecture of eminent scientist Prof Gagandeep Kang, Director of the Translational Health Science and Technology Institute (THSTI), Faridabad who is first women FRS of India to talk on the theme of the NSD-2020.
NSD Theme has been chosen for the purpose of increasing public appreciation of the scientific issues involved.
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